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Nigerian Vaccination Schedule

Vaccine preventable diseases account for approximately 22% of child deaths in Nigeria, amounting to over 200,000 deaths per year.

immunization

International donor communities have recognized the need for control of childhood illnesses and polio eradication, creating an opportune time to control vaccine preventable illnesses in the region. Resistance to polio vaccine is reportedly persisting in some regions, however some recent reports suggest that in some communities there is a greater felt need for prevention of diseases that are far more common in the communities, such as measles, malaria and meningitis.

This suggests that an integrated and permanent system for delivery of routine vaccination services may be more acceptable to some sectors of the populations that have resisted polio eradication efforts.

For full schedule, please visit link below

http://www.who.int/immunization/policy/Immunization_routine_table1.pdf?ua=1

For summary, please see list below

• BCG ( Bacilli Calmette Guerin)—at birth or as soon as possible after birth

• OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)—at birth and at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age

• DPT (Diphtheria, pertusis, tetanus)—at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age

• Hepatitis B—at birth, 6 and 14 weeks

• Measles—at 9 months of age

• Yellow Fever—at 9 months of age

• Vitamin A—at 9 months and 15 months of age

According to the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health definition, a child is considered fully vaccinated if he or she has received the following:

One BCG vaccination against tuberculosis;

Three doses of DPT to prevent diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus;

At least three doses of polio vaccine; and

One dose of measles vaccine

All these vaccinations should be received during the first year of life, over the course of five visits, including the doses delivered at birth. According to this schedule, children aged 12–23 months would have completed their immunizations and be fully immunized. To keep track of the delivery of these immunizations, Nigeria hospitals also provides parents or guardians with a health card on which each dose is recorded.

 

IMMUNIZATION SAVES LIVES

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